The cannabis plant has been used for thousands of years in different cultures around the world for various purposes, including medicine. The plant has various active ingredients called cannabinoids. These are 60 of such cannabinoids. They have various functions and are very important for people in general. Because they are inside the plant, these cannabinoids are also called phytocannabinoids.
On the surface of many types of cells in our body, the human body has specific areas where these phytocannabinoids, are connected. The most common ones are THC, CBD, CBG, CBN and some others. The receptors of these cannabinoids are designated CB1 and CB2 and are distributed throughout the body. The human body also produces molecules similar to cannabis plant molecules, called endocannabinoids (endo = inside).
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most promising non-psychotropic cannabinoid compound in recent years due to its diverse medicinal and therapeutic potential, including antioxidant, antipsychotic, anti-anxiety and anti-tumor effects. This allows you to use cannabis to cure some diseases and pathologies, such as cancer, epilepsy, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, etc.
Unlike THC, CBD does not have psychotomimetic effects and, on the other hand, may have an antipsychotic effect.
In recent years, interest has increased in the study of this compound due to the discovery of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.All of this makes it very attractive for treating conditions caused by inflammation and oxidative stress, these include Parkinson's disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer's disease and ischemic reperfusion injury.
All of these properties and effects have been discovered thanks to the discovery of endogenous cannabinoids within our body, which bind, activate and regulate our endocannabinoid system.
Cannabis has two main components, which are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD. It is known that both of these components belong to the same class of cannabinoids. According to studies, it is these components that have the greatest impact on the human body.
Many lovers of psychoactive cannabis prefer to choose varieties in which there is a high level of THC, while CBD is practically absent. However, according to researchers, this is the main mistake of marijuana lovers. After conducting a comparative analysis of these two substances, the scientists found an interesting pattern, that if cannabis is rich in CBD, then the side effects of its use are reduced to practically zero.
What is the difference between these components? THC is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, it is thanks to it that after its use, many experience euphoria, a feeling of intoxication, a change in space-time perception, a strong feeling of hunger and other consequences. THC also mimics the actions of anandamide, a natural component that is found in the brain of humans and animals and is a neurotransmitter and neuroregulator. Also, it is with this component that the appearance of pain syndrome, depression, loss of appetite is associated and it has a great influence on the reproductive function of a person.
CBD is not a psychoactive component, therefore, its use does not produce euphoric results, as is the case with hemp rich THC. The main advantage of varieties with a high content of CBD is their indispensability in medicine, the absence of side effects inherent in varieties with a high level of THC. CBD is used to treat psychosis, depression, seizures, vomiting, cancer, often used as an antioxidant, and is also used in various compounds to treat arthritis, alcoholism, diabetes and other diseases. Drugs that have neuroprotective and neurogenic effects are also produced on the basis of CBD components produced drugs that have neuroprotective and neurogenic effects.
With CBD oil, we can take advantage of the therapeutic benefits of cannabis without experiencing the side effects caused by smoking. This is one of the most effective therapeutic uses for cannabis.
It can be consumed imperceptibly for sick people who want to improve their quality of life, and there are even have parents who are thinking about improving the quality of life of their children with neurodegenerative problems using CBD oil. In addition, it can be taken from olive oil with various types of food or used topically.
It can also help improve skin problems in dermatological diseases, such as psoriasis, and reduce the most serious symptoms of pathologies, such as multiple sclerosis.
In response to an increase in therapeutic demand for CBD, seed banks do not stop working on obtaining genetics with a high CBD content, reducing the concentration of THC. Lowering THC levels also means reducing the psychoactive effects that many consumers do not want to experience when they use marijuana for medical purposes.
Here are some other things that CBD oil can save you from:
1. CBD oil eases feelings of fear and panic. Hemp is sometimes associated with causing fears, but THC is responsible for that. In contrast, CBD counteracts the disturbing effect of THC and alleviates anxiety in general. It helps both people suffering from severe panic attacks or feelings of fear, and those who have to deal with it occasionally;
2. CBD oil lowers blood sugar. Studies conducted in 2013 showed that hemp helps people regulate weight by compensating for blood sugar levels. Studies have also shown that cannabis users are less likely to suffer from diabetes, despite the insatiable hunger that many of them report.
Whether CBD is useful for patients with diabetes is still under discussion, and this will require more research on this topic. But it is clear that CBD regulates blood sugar levels and reduces the likelihood of diabetes;
3. CBD oil blocks the growth of cancer cells. Cannabinoids in cannabis stimulate certain receptors that induce the body to pharmacological effects in the immune system and in the central nervous system. Thus, cannabinoids stop the growth of cancer cells. In fact, they are used to reduce the size of tumors and to alleviate the side effects associated with cancer, which is a very important aspect;
4. CBD relieves chronic pain and inflammation.CBD relieves chronic pain by acting on the endocannabinoid system, which controls pain and inflammatory processes. Most diseases are accompanied by pain and inflammation, and CBD stimulates precise receptors that counteract these symptoms.
All in all, CBD has many advantages, but you should remember that they are not always instantaneous. Have you taken a dose of CBD today and think that your pain and inflammation will disappear immediately? Unfortunately, this is not the case. In order to feel its properties, you need to wait. The properties of CBD, such as anti-inflammatory, take even longer to take effect. This means that you should use it daily and wait some time for his work. This is due to the fact that CBD enters your bloodstream and interacts with your endocannabinoid system along with your immune system. In this process, your cells will eventually begin to react, and your inflammation and pain will decrease.
Many of you already know and heard about the use of CBD oils for pets. But have you actually tried it? The choice of CBD oil also depends on what you decide to give your pet.
CBD oil has a positive effect on the nervous system of dogs and other animals. Many people around the world have successfully reported that using CBD for pets as a dietary supplement has helped to get rid of a number of symptoms.
CBD oil on the market can be found in various forms. The best ones are 2%, 5% or 10%. Choosing the right product depends on various factors such as the breed or weight of your pet, as well as the severity of the disease that you want to regulate with CBD oil.
CBD oil 2%
CBD oil with 2% of CBD is a good way for animals to increase immunity, improve the quality of the heart, or to facilitate treatment in lighter species of animals. It is best for animals that are under 5 kg.
CBD oil 5%
This one is used for larger animals and as a supplement for the treatment of more complex diseases, such as epilepsy, recovery from surgery, etc. It is recommended for animals over 5 kg.
CBD oil 10%
CBD oil with 10% of CBD cis used for animals with more serious illness. It is suitable as an adjunct to the treatment of cancer and other serious diseases. It is recommended for animals with higher weight.
The dosage of CBD oil is a very individual matter, and each owner must be patient before he finds the correct dosage. Each animal is different, and each organism reacts to the CBD differently: one already reacts to a few drops of the CBD, while others need more.
You should always begin with a small dose and gradually increase it. It is recommended to divide the dose into several doses throughout the day — ideally starting with 1 drop per day and gradually increasing it until you get it to 10 drops per day.
CBD can be used in different forms, and that is why it is such an excellent product. Anyone can choose their favorite form of use. You can use CBD capsules, e-liquid CBD, hemp tea with CBD or CBD ointments.
No matter what form of CBD you choose, the most important thing is to choose the most convenient way for you.
Dosage of CBD Oil
CBD oils are a very effective way of administering a daily dose of cannabidiol. These oils are purified using vegetable oils such as olive oil or hemp oil, plus the base of pure CBD paste previously extracted from the plant.
Its use is comfortable and discreet. The bottle usually includes a pipette, which allows you to control the amount consumed by the CBD and allows you to put it directly under the tongue or you can use to enrich the food.
If the patient has one of the following diseases, it is better to start off with moderate doses of the drug with a predominance of CBD (the ratio of CBD to THC is more than 10: 1):
A low dose of THC, although it does not cause a narcotic effect, will not necessarily be the best treatment.
In combination, CBD and TGCs probably have a greater therapeutic effect on a wider range of diseases than just CBD and TGCs themselves. In case of cancer, neurological problems and many other ailments, drugs with a balanced ratio of CBD and TGK can benefit patients. Extensive clinical studies have shown that THC and CBD in a 1: 1 ratio is the most effective drug in the treatment of neuropathic (neurogenic) pain.
All in all, you should start off with a small drop of oil and wait to see what effect it has. If your body reacts well, then you can gradually increase the dose and determine which one will give you the desired effect. Each drop contains approximately 1 mg of CBD. As a dietary supplement, it can be used twice a day.
CBD oils are 100% natural and do not contain synthetic chemicals. They should be kept away from sources of heat and light in a cool place to preserve their original composition and activity.
Cannabidiol (or CBD for short) is extracted from hemp plants by extraction or leaching. This is the usual procedure for obtaining valuable substances from plant materials. Any extraction requires solvents. To extract CBD from hemp, alcohol is usually the most commonly used solvent. However, there are other extraction methods, such as supercritical carbon dioxide CO2 extraction.
First of all, it is necessary to understand the main differences between solvents. While alcohol occurs in plant material (which occurs during the fermentation of plants), CO2 — carbon dioxide — is a toxic gas. At concentrations of 8–10% CO2 in air, it causes drowsiness, unconsciousness and death.
Another important difference is that CO2 dissolves only non-polar chemical bonds, while alcohol dissolves polar and non-polar chemical bonds. Simply put, alcohol dissolves more substances than CO2.
From the above (and the sources mentioned) it follows that the extraction of alcohol brings more complex components of hemp than the extraction of CO2. In particular, it dissolves water-soluble substances, oils, polysaccharides, acids and other rare substances.
Here it is necessary to emphasize that the human body is 70% water. Therefore, substances dissolved in water have the highest bioavailability and absorbability. The extract from CO2 is completely devoid of these substances.
Since our body consists of 70% water, we must first digest all swallowed oils and other substances with acids and enzymes. Only then will they become active.
Thus, a secondary, but very important product of the extraction of alcohol is the formation of esters. Esters are formed when organic vegetable acids (for example, cannaboniodic acid (CBCD / CBDa) and other acidic forms of cannabinol) react with alcohol.
Carboxylic acid (COOH), contained in various more complex acids, is esterified by extraction, making it more soluble in water. Thus, the resulting extract of the CBD alcoholic extract is more absorbable and more bioavailable.
That means absolutely no THC, ever
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